Electromagnetic Wave Theory

Light is just one portion of the various electromagnetic waves flying through space. The electromagnetic spectrum covers an extremely broad range, from radio waves with wavelengths of a meter or more, down to x-rays with wavelengths of less than a billionth of a meter. Optical radiation lies between radio waves and x-rays on the spectrum, exhibiting a unique mix of ray, wave, and quantum properties.

At x-ray and shorter wavelengths, electromagnetic radiation tends to be quite particle like in its behavior, whereas toward the long wavelength end of the spectrum the behavior is mostly wavelike. The visible portion occupies an intermediate position, exhibiting both wave and particle properties in varying degrees.